The research describes Traditional Project Management (PM1) as mechanistic and weak on addressing contextual complexity. It is argued that Project Management needs to address three critical areas:
1. Increased Complexity – a new management approach with the characteristics of a new paradigm
2. Globalization – fundamental, rapid, and radical changes in Society and Economy
3. Innovation – rapid growth in complex, new technologies in industrial and societal products
The research by Manfred Saynisch, distinguished both as a practitioner and a researcher is entitled “PM2 – Project Manager Second Order” and is part a research project entitled “Beyond Frontiers of Traditional Project Management”.
The research recognizes that Policy Makers, Execs., Strategists and OD – types are all uncomfortable with the limitations of Tradition Project Management (PM1), captured in PMBOK based on existing hard and soft methods. It is argued that it is based upon a mechanical, mono-causal, non-dynamic, linear structure and discrete view of human nature and societies, and their perceptions, knowledge and actions. It maintains that it works on the basis of reductionist thinking and on the Cartesian/Newtonian concept of causality (mechanistic science), and is unable to solve widespread and profound modern challenges which are not predictable in a continuous, stable linear sense.
The research looks for new insights and perceptions in natural and social sciences, based on evolutionary and chaos theory, self-organization, synergy, brain research, social systems theory and theory of complex systems.
The article summarises the history of PM-1 and academic literature underpinning PM-2. This leads to the introduction of a systemic architecture and process model for PM-2. This model adopts what is described as a series of Worlds. World 1 represents Traditional Project Management. World 2 embraces Complexity Management. World 3 considers Collaborators/Persons. Finally, World 4 captures what is described as Foundation Ways of Thinking. Sayisch goes on to explain and illustrate the World views with examples.
Project Management Practitioners who are able to relate to the conceptual material will find the four World views of interest. For sure, it will take a practitioner to be disciplined and to systematically view the project from the different perspectives.
In the author’s experience, the vast majority of project managers are practical, hands-on people, who are comfortable in the detail of day-to-day Traditional Project Management (PM1). Adding the three additional Worlds enormously complicates the subject and for practical people, PM-2 will be perhaps be a bit remote and abstract.
In its current form PM-2 is probably of more value to an academic audience than busy practitioners. However, the PM-2 approach is conceptually sound and it would be helpful if future research focused on operationalizing the concept, with templates, checklists and the other tools that the busy project manager is able to deploy on a daily basis. It would also be useful for practitioners to get a summary of the PM-1 literature, as well as PM-2.
To conclude, as an article in an academic journal, Saynisch has made a useful contribution to the literature. Practitioners will probably be less satisfied in not having clear tools to deploy in their next project.
Finally, Policy Makers, Execs, Strategists and OD-types will probably unite in their views of PM1 but will probably have to wait a bit to see PM2 in action.
Further details of the research are available by following the following link: