Based upon my own travels to China, I would argue that there is another subjective dimension that is not picked up in the survey. Just the like the challenge for young people in the West, in China too it is is not “what you know” but “who you know”.
Sadly, society is not egalatarian, Until recently, I would have argued that bright, hard-working children in the West can still reach the top of their chosen profession. President Obama‘s appointment as US President was indeed a signal that there are no limits.
BUT sadly I fear that Obama will perhaps be remembered as the President who shattered the American Dream. Under Obama, elitism and privilege have reached new heights, with the middle and working classes subordinated by excessive austerity. Of course, in Europe, with far greater excesses of austerity from London and Berlin, matters are much worse; in Greece and Spain unemployment for young people exceeds 50%. Regrettably, unless they are of wealthy parents, young people in Europe seem to be deprived of their dreams.
Let me turn this to an open question:
Will the Chinese Dream prove to be more enduring than the American Dream?