Personally, I strongly disagree with the author’s viewpoint. I worry deeply about the EU’s application of sanctions. Of the two cases cited, Iran and Russia, Russia is able to respond militarily. It’s not enough for the EU to argue that there are no military solutions to the Ukraine crisis, for example.
For me, complexity weakens vision, strategy and delivery. Major players like China and Russia will ignore complexity and cut to the chase.
Let me ask an open question:
Do you think that there is ever an effective justification for EU complexity?